The hottest small country will share its influence

2022-08-14
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Will small countries share influence with large countries, and will AI subvert traditional geopolitics

artificial intelligence (AI) may subvert traditional geopolitics. In the future, some small countries are expected to share geopolitical influence with "top players" in the field of AI

according to Axios station 30, the new security center of the United States recently released the latest research report of a series of studies on "artificial intelligence and international security". The report points out that artificial intelligence (AI) may overturn traditional geopolitics

geopolitical influence

why is AI said to have unusual geopolitical influence

first of all, this is related to the technical characteristics of artificial intelligence, which is related to the economic and military strength of a country

the research report points out that although both are technological innovations, AI is more like electricity and internal combustion engines than nuclear weapons or battleships. Although the invention of nuclear weapons or battleships is of great significance, it is not widely applicable and influential. Unlike electric power and internal combustion engines, the application of such technologies can stimulate a large number of cross cutting technologies and greatly improve productivity. For example, power has upgraded military technology in almost all directions, including revolutionary "derivatives", such as the birth of radio and radar; The invention of the internal combustion engine ensures safe access to oil, which is a key factor in the composition of national power. Like electricity and internal combustion engines, artificial intelligence is also an important new technology that helps shape the economy and global politics

secondly, the impact of the industrial revolution on the world pattern has brought enlightenment. The industrial revolution has greatly changed the balance of power, international competition and the pattern of international conflicts. It consolidated Britain's global dominance in the 19th century, and later made the United States ascend to hegemony. It is not only Britain and the United States that have benefited from the industrial revolution, but also Japan and Germany have become major industrial, military and political powers. Nowadays, AI may be triggering a new industrial revolution and playing a role in shaping the world pattern

although the United States and China are currently the global leaders in the field of artificial intelligence, many countries are also marching towards AI. The report made special mention of India, Russia, Israel, Singapore and South Korea

in India, more and more AI start-ups have been born. With human capital and basic digital economy, India will be an important "player" in the development of artificial intelligence in the future. By 2035, AI is expected to increase India's economy by $957billion

Russia is also developing artificial intelligence and robotics, with particular emphasis on military applications. Russia is living up to President Putin's words - "artificial intelligence is not only the future of Russia, but also the future of all mankind."

for military and commercial purposes, Israel has invested heavily in artificial intelligence. As a country with rich capital and relatively small population, Israel will receive great returns from AI technology

Singapore leads Southeast Asian countries in AI investment, trying to build an AI technology center to attract investment

South Korea not only invests in commercial applications of artificial intelligence, but also uses algorithm based systems to help monitor the Korean Korean demilitarized zone

the report points out that AI systems will provide the greatest comparative advantage for countries such as Israel and Singapore, which may benefit the most from technological change, because technological change will produce an economic situation that requires less labor. These countries are expected to share geopolitical influence with the "number one player" in the field of artificial intelligence in the future

as for how AI will reshape geopolitics, the report said it was not clear at present. Therefore, all countries need to be prepared to deal with any possible situation, including the potential "reaction" of artificial intelligence, such as undermining social and political stability

"countries that took the lead in the AI revolution should not only take advantage of AI, but also formulate effective plans to manage the social chaos brought by AI." The report said

who will be the winner between China and the United States

at present, the United States and China are in fierce competition in the field of artificial intelligence, but it is not clear who will be the final winner

According to the report, compared with the United States, China has significant advantages in public-private partnerships, and China is vigorously supporting its private enterprises to enter the field of artificial intelligence. China's military civilian integration model is also in sharp contrast to some cultural differences between the Pentagon and Silicon Valley

the report also predicts that from 2020 to 2025, the key elements that determine national strength in the AI revolution will include the following: having a large number of correct types of data, an AI talent pool, computing power and resources, organizations that can use AI efficiently, public-private partnerships, and willingness to take action. If the government can maximize the cooperation with local companies that "lead" AI research, can use the fundamental operation of the huge economic and military data hydraulic universal testing machine to clamp the samples in the jaws, can develop and maintain a first-class human intelligence talent pool in terms of the zero crossing tension and compression performance of the jaws, and can make a large number of enterprises ready to deploy AI, then such a government will have strength

in order to prevent the risk of the United States' global leadership caused by the backwardness of artificial intelligence research, the report suggests that the U.S. government should cooperate with the private sector and take a series of broad actions to meet the challenges. This includes formulating a national strategy, updating the R & D plan, increasing capital investment, breaking intergovernmental barriers, encouraging AI talents to immigrate to the United States, strengthening data supervision and intellectual property protection, formulating international norms and principles for the use of AI, and so on

(email: ylq@)

column editor in chief: Yang Liqun text: Yang Liqun caption source: visual china map and plans to build a national base film for research and industrialized utilization of new graphite materials: Cao Liyuan

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