The hottest artificial intelligence will grow expl

2022-07-22
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AI will grow explosively how to move towards the development stage of deep intelligence at the beginning of 2017, the upgraded version of AI alphago swept through the top go players in China and South Korea, winning 60 games in a row without losing. In recent years, major companies around the world have invested heavily in the field of artificial intelligence. Experts predict that artificial intelligence will usher in explosive growth in 2017. In the future, artificial intelligence will develop from shallow intelligence to deep intelligence. What is the "golden key" to open the door of deep intelligence

at the beginning of the new year, the news about artificial intelligence occupied a prominent position in the major scientific and technological media: the upgraded version of artificial intelligence alphago swept the top go players in China and South Korea, winning 60 games in a row without losing; Samsung has established a US $150million investment fund to support the development of artificial intelligence and other fields. For a time, artificial intelligence once again attracted widespread attention. Various artificial intelligence concept stocks rose sharply. More experts predicted that in 2017, artificial intelligence will usher in explosive growth

at the recently held Symposium on intellectual property protection of artificial intelligence, the experts present said that in recent years, artificial intelligence has developed rapidly, and enterprise giants from various countries have competed to deploy patents in this field. The industrial competition is fierce, and investment and mergers and acquisitions are intensive. However, it must be noted that there are still many technical bottlenecks in the practical application of artificial intelligence. Instead of finding "outlets", it is better to find "gateways". Chinese enterprises should still look at the world, be practical and innovative, especially strengthen research and development in high-end and cutting-edge fields, and do a good job in patent layout

In the summer of 1955, John McCarthy proposed the concept of artificial intelligence (abbreviated as AI) at the Dartmouth computer conference in the United States, trying to explore the essence of human intelligence and develop core technologies and machine systems with the level of human intelligence, such as robots, language interaction, image recognition, etc

"in the course of more than 60 years, artificial intelligence has experienced tortuous development. In the 21st century, Internet technology has promoted the continuous innovation and rapid development of artificial intelligence. In recent years, the rise of deep learning and big data has brought about the explosive growth of artificial intelligence. At present, the upsurge of artificial intelligence has swept the world, showing the characteristics of white hot industrial competition and intensive investment and M & A." Sunzhenan, deputy chief engineer of the Institute of automation, Chinese Academy of Sciences, said

it is true. In recent years, Google, IBM, Microsoft, Amazon and Baidu have invested heavily in acquiring enterprises, recruiting talents and developing core technologies, trying to take the initiative in the era of artificial intelligence. In july2016, Softbank acquired arm at a high premium of US $31billion to seize the strategic commanding heights of artificial intelligence and IOT ecology. In addition, Midea spent 4billion euros to acquire KUKA, Tesla CEO Elon Musk and others invested 1billion dollars to establish openai, which shows that artificial intelligence is hot

in the competition, whoever can lead the technological innovation will win the dominance of the artificial intelligence market. "At present, the core technology of artificial intelligence is no longer limited to algorithms and software. Giving hardware module intelligence will bring a boom in the application of Internet of things. For example, artificial intelligence chips can be said to be the basic computing architecture that defines the AI industry chain and ecosystem. Giants such as Google and IBM are actively deploying in this field." Sunzhenan told this newspaper that at the same time, artificial intelligence technology and methods are gradually becoming integrated. It is impossible for a single AI computing theory and method to dominate the world. Only by organically integrating multiple models, methods and technologies at different levels can we achieve good results in application. In addition, multi-disciplinary cross-border integration and cross collaborative innovation are also becoming a new trend in the development of artificial intelligence

there is a gap between China and the United States in the layout of patents

while strengthening technological innovation, all countries are speeding up the layout of patents with a view to "encircling the land on horseback". According to the data released by smart bud college, the number of AI patent applications has generally shown an upward trend in the past 20 years. As of April 2016, there have been more than 24000 AI related patents in the world. From the perspective of AI patent application receiving countries, the United States ranks first in the world with 9786 patent applications, and China ranks second with more than 6900 patent applications

"At present, China and the United States are leading countries in the development of artificial intelligence. China's advantage lies in the unit technology, many of which have reached a high level of performance, such as speech recognition, character recognition, image recognition, face recognition, etc. However, in the more high-end and cutting-edge technical fields, the technology of the United States is more advanced, such as in the aspects of brain cognitive mechanism and computing model, neuromorphological chip technology, quantum computer, etc The world is very leading. " Sun said

I learned from the interview that China has made many achievements in the field of artificial intelligence in recent years. For example, the Institute of automation of the Chinese Academy of Sciences has made many breakthroughs in the fields of intelligent video surveillance and biometrics through the implementation of the "artificial intelligence +" strategy. At the same time, it also actively built an industrialization platform to guide the transformation and industrialization of achievements in the mode of "technology + team". In addition, in terms of artificial intelligence research and development, Baidu has invested 7billion yuan a year, and has published more than 2000 artificial intelligence patents, including voice recognition, image recognition, machine learning, natural language processing, cloud computing, automatic driving and other fields. In terms of naturallanguageprocessing, Baidu has submitted about 500 patent applications. The president of Baidu Public Policy Research Institute should keep away from heating elements such as furnaces, and Su Jing, senior director of the patent affairs department, said that in the future, the number of patent applications in the field of artificial intelligence will show a trend of explosive growth

generally speaking, China's AI patents are more concentrated on the application level, while American patents are more concentrated on the basic technology level. How to seek a breakthrough in the field of basic and cutting-edge technology is a problem facing the development of China's artificial intelligence industry

the patent strategy of horse racing enclosure is very important.

the broad market prospect of artificial intelligence has attracted extensive attention of capital. In this regard, many experts believe that this phenomenon should be viewed rationally in the noise

"in the future, artificial intelligence will certainly develop from shallow intelligence to deep intelligence. How to break through deep intelligence is the hard bone that must be 'chewed down' in the development process of artificial intelligence. It is better to find a 'gateway' than a 'outlet'. Steadfast innovation is the 'golden key' to open the door of the future market." Sun said

while strengthening innovation, patent protection is also indispensable. "Patent strategy is very important in protecting AI innovation achievements. Because AI patent applications are unique, many innovation achievements span multiple disciplines such as natural science and social science. From the perspective of China's patent system, natural laws, mathematical algorithms and business rules are not the object of patent law protection. Therefore, there is a certain complexity in AI patent protection. Patent application documents such as It is very important for him to write. " The relevant person in charge of the electrical invention examination department of the Patent Office of the State Intellectual Property Office said

Ma Xiaoer, partner and senior patent agent of Beijing yingsai Jiahua Intellectual Property Agency Co., Ltd., represented a large number of patent applications related to artificial intelligence on September 22 this year. She told this newspaper that AI patent applications usually involve the collection and processing of massive data, model training, in-depth learning, algorithm optimization, functional modules and other related contents. On the surface, these contents can easily be included in the "rules and methods of intellectual activities", which are not protected by the patent law. In fact, AI patent applications are often used to solve specific technical problems in a certain field, Objectively, it is a technical scheme that can bring technical effects

"therefore, when writing this kind of patent application, the applicant and agent must pay attention to digging deep into the technical details, highlighting the innovation points, paying special attention to the description of specific application scenarios and embodiments, and reasonably laying out the structure of the claims, so as to obtain better patent protection and escort the development of artificial intelligence in China." Maxiaoya said

in recent years, open source and openness in the field of technological innovation have gradually become a trend. Google, Microsoft, IBM, etc. have opened some of their own technologies to promote industrial innovation. How to coordinate the relationship between open source, openness and the private attribute of patent protection has become the focus of domestic enterprises. In this regard, Zhang Xiao, assistant dean of the school of intellectual property of Peking University, believes that open source, openness and intellectual property are not contradictory. Open source or openness is just a business strategy based on intellectual property. Without intellectual property protection, the business strategy of open source or openness cannot be realized. In the process of opening up, the key is to realize the business purpose of the enterprise through the design of business model and intellectual property application strategy. If the design is not good, it is difficult to achieve the open source or open commercial effect. In artificial intelligence, Chinese enterprises can consider promoting the unification of technical interfaces through industrial alliances and open standards to promote the development of artificial intelligence industry

appendix: a chronicle of the development of artificial intelligence

in 1955, John McCarthy proposed the term "artificial intelligence" at the Dartmouth computer conference in the United States

1956 (3) failure or damage caused by man-made or natural disasters during the warranty period

Carnegie Mellon University in the United States demonstrated the work of the world's first artificial intelligence software

1969

Stanford University developed a robot named "Shakey", which integrates the abilities of movement, understanding and problem solving

In 1979, the first computer-controlled automatic Walker "Stanford car" was born

1997

ibm made computer "deep blue" beat chess champion Gary Kasparov

2000

MIT launched the robot kisinel, which can make dozens of facial expressions

2011

watson, an artificial intelligence program developed by IBM that uses natural language to answer questions, participated in the old American intelligence Q & a program and defeated two human champions

in 2016, alphago, an artificial intelligence Go program developed by Gu Ge, defeated South Korean go player lishishi

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