Is the most popular congestion charge a blessing o

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Is congestion charge a blessing or a curse for electric vehicles

recently, it was reported that Beijing is studying charging congestion fees to alleviate traffic congestion. The news triggered a heated debate in the industry, and it was suggested that after the imposition of congestion charges, the policy of vehicle restrictions and licensing restrictions should be phased out. Recently, it was reported that Beijing is studying charging congestion fees to alleviate traffic congestion. The news triggered a heated debate in the industry, and it was suggested that after the imposition of congestion charges, the policy of vehicle restrictions and licensing restrictions should be phased out

this is another big news after Beijing announced in May that it will implement car purchase in 2016. However, as early as 2010, Beijing announced that it would impose congestion charges. In August, 2012, Beijing issued the transportation development and construction plan for the 12th Five Year Plan period, which proposed to comprehensively utilize economy, law, science and technology and necessary administrative means, strengthen traffic demand management, curb the excessive growth and use of motor vehicles, and strive to alleviate traffic congestion in central urban areas

the plan also proposes that controlling the excessive growth of motor vehicles and guiding the rational use of cars are one of the six keys affecting traffic development. According to the plan, Beijing will introduce congestion charge management policies and corresponding supporting measures, and focus on the construction of traffic congestion charge management system, congestion charge monitoring and evaluation system, etc. At that time, the relevant person in charge of the Beijing Municipal Transportation Commission said that the traffic congestion charge was in the technical preparation stage, and there was no specific timetable for how to collect it and when to start collecting it

in April this year, Chen Tian, director of the Beijing Municipal Environmental Protection Bureau, told the media that the congestion charge policy was still under study and several different schemes had been put forward. It is also reported that traffic congestion charges will be set at different levels and dynamically adjusted. Grading is to set the charging standards based on the common congestion points such as the ring road or key business districts. Dynamic adjustment is to charge different fees according to different time periods. The fees charged in the morning and evening peak are high, and the fees may not be charged during the peak period

up to now, although Beijing has implemented policies such as license restriction and tail number restriction, the traffic congestion is still serious, the PM2.5 value remains high, and the disadvantages of the license restriction policy are increasingly exposed. Cuidongshu, Deputy Secretary General of the national passenger car joint committee, believes that the lottery policy has been unsustainable. At present, there are 3.16 million people in Beijing who buy cars by lottery, and many of them are mobilized by the whole family to grab Beijing license plates. The number of Beijing license plates allocated to new energy vehicles will be gradually upgraded from 30000 to 60000, and the annual success rate of gasoline vehicle lottery is only 3.5%. Some lottery users don't need cars for the time being, and those who want to use cars can't get numbers for many years, which will inevitably lead to illegal operations

the improvement of interconnection and intelligence also provides conditions for the collection of congestion charges. With the improvement of the intelligent level of vehicles, the concept of intelligent vehicles and interconnection has gradually come to the front stage, and the system design and practical effect of charging have been very mature. Toll bridges in some cities adopt the mode of charging without parking. It is easy for Beijing to implement the mode of charging within the Fifth Ring Road. The existing cameras and intelligent systems can basically solve the monitoring problem

as for whether Beijing should impose traffic congestion charges, Zhang Zhiyong, a senior auto commentator, believes that compared with the current licensing and traffic restriction policies, the imposition of traffic congestion charges is more reasonable. If the collection standards and measures are appropriate, it can better solve the problems of congestion and environmental pollution. The purchase restriction is not only against fairness, but also against the development of the automotive industry and even tourism and other related industries. However, the imposition of congestion charges will not affect consumers' right to buy cars, but also guide consumers to use cars reasonably

Cui Dongshu believes that charging congestion fees should be said to be a more reasonable means of materials with a certain plastic capacity, which is better than the current lottery policy, because the current central urban area of Beijing has been unable to support the rapid growth of motor vehicle ownership. In addition, the imposition of congestion charges will not have a great impact on the car market in Beijing, because congestion charges are only concentrated in the central urban area, restricting car use and not affecting car purchase. The lottery car purchase policy must be changed. Congestion charge is the most practical measure at present, which reflects the change of management thinking from controlling purchase ownership to controlling vehicle frequency. It is directly conducive to improving the alleviation of congestion and a good policy from dogmatism to pragmatic development

he believes that the regulation effect of charges is much stronger than that of purchase restrictions. Purchase restriction is the simplest lazy political practice, allowing consumers to be divided into the car owning class and the car free class. The car owning class can use cars at will, and the car free class is suffering. The congestion fee replaces the purchase restriction policy, which is beneficial to social users. Users can contact or contact the computer supplier or the local joint insurance unit through us to deal with rusty parts or accessories that are not used for a long time. Beijing is too big and inconvenient for transportation. Sometimes it needs private cars to travel. The best way to control private car travel is to flexibly adjust charges to reduce travel during peak hours, so that people in need can travel quickly by private cars, and ensure that the traffic flow in some urban areas is relatively reasonable

at present, Singapore, Britain and other countries have taken measures to impose congestion charges. Singapore is the first country in the world to impose traffic congestion charges. Since 1975, Singapore has charged a road congestion charge of S $3 per day for vehicles entering the 6 square kilometer controlled area of the city center. Since 2003, London has imposed a road congestion charge on vehicles in the center of the city. From 7 a.m. to 6:30 p.m. from Monday to Friday, ordinary cars have to pay 5 pounds, but taxis, police cars, fire engines and ambulances do not need to charge. In March, 2008, New York City also decided to impose a traffic congestion charge in Manhattan

London's traffic management adopts the license plate optical automatic recognition system, which takes color and black-and-white photos of the license plate through the camera on the road, and then compares them with the charging database for final confirmation. After London imposed the congestion charge, the number of cars entering Central London every day decreased by 20% - 30%, and the speed of buses increased by 25%

if the traffic restriction policy of lottery and tail number is cancelled after the congestion charge is levied, will it bring disaster to new energy vehicles? At present, electric vehicles enjoy a separate lottery policy in Beijing, and the winning rate is much higher than that of fuel vehicles. At the same time, the policy of unlimited access to electric vehicles has also attracted many consumers. Many consumers have to choose electric vehicles because they can't shake the number plate of fuel vehicles for many years. However, how many consumers are willing to buy electric vehicles if congestion charges are imposed and the lottery policy is cancelled

it is reported that Beijing may follow London's example. At present, the output air volume of the Lun compressor will be reduced, and the electric vehicles running in the traffic congestion toll area in Dun, the environmentally friendly vehicles with carbon emissions lower than 75g/km and meeting the Euro 5 emission standards will be exempted from congestion charges. Electric vehicles will also be exempted from congestion charges after Beijing imposes congestion charges. However, Cui Dongshu said that if the congestion charge is levied, the annual increased congestion charge cost of a fuel vehicle is about 10000 yuan, which is still more cost-effective and reliable than buying an electric vehicle

consumers buy new energy vehicles not for environmental protection and industrial development, but to meet the travel life with cars. When Beijing abolished the lottery policy, the subsidy for new energy vehicle license plates equivalent to 100000 yuan was gone, and the vast majority of consumers were bound to buy gasoline vehicles. Judging from the purchase enthusiasm of new energy vehicles in other cities, national and local subsidies are not enough to stimulate consumers to buy new energy vehicles. Only strongly suppressed demand can divert consumers to buy new energy vehicles. Therefore, after the cancellation of the lottery, the development of new energy vehicles in Beijing will inevitably be seriously hindered. Cui Dongshu said

in June this year, 6454 people participated in the lottery of electric vehicles in Beijing, with 5697 electric vehicle license plate resources, with a winning rate of 88%. Under the strong impetus of policies such as subsidies at all levels, reduction and exemption of purchase tax, and no traffic restrictions, the electric vehicle market in Beijing has finally ushered in an outbreak. However, after the introduction of congestion charges and the cancellation of the lottery policy, the sales of pure electric vehicles are bound to decrease significantly. The traditional hybrid cars and plug-in hybrid cars that have been excluded by Beijing's policies will win the favor of consumers

in this regard, Zhang Zhiyong, an analyst in the automotive industry, believes that charging congestion fees is likely to be implemented, but it is unlikely to abolish the traffic restriction and license restriction policies. From the current situation, it should exist at the same time

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